Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometers (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains. It is highly urbanized with 82 percent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Canada’s climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from the arctic weather in the north to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. In this article, we will look at the most impressive Canada facts.
- Canada has more oil than anyone ever thought
Canada has an estimated 176.8 billion recoverable barrels of crude bitumen – a semi-solid source of petroleum – which is available in abundance in Canada’s oil sands. There are an estimated 249.67 billion accessible barrels of the black stuff in the world and Canada has about 70.8 percent of it – four times more than Kazakhstan and six times more than Russia.
- Canada has the only walled city in North America
Quebec City has a special feature that makes it unique in Canada and also in the USA making it one of the awesome Canada facts is that the city has walls. Quebec City is the only city north of Mexico that still has fortified walls – known as the Fortifications of Quebec. First the French and later the English built up Quebec City’s fortifications between the 17th and the 19th centuries. Quebec’s entire historic district, including the ramparts, has since been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- Canada has 10 percent of the world’s forests
Most people know that trees exist but did you know that Canada actually has 30 percent of the world’s boreal forest and 10 percent of the world’s total forest cover. An incredible 396.9 million hectares of forest and other wooded lands can be found across the country – about 68 percent of Canada’s forests are coniferous. On this list of Canada facts, it’s undoubted that Most of Canada’s forest land is publicly owned.
- Canada has the world’s longest coastline
About Four and a half years is what it will take a person to walk the full length of Canada’s coastline without stopping for food or drink that shows the expanse of the coastline. Canada has the world’s longest coastline, bordered on three sides by three different oceans: the Atlantic, Arctic, and Pacific. Putting that in perspective, Canada has 202,080 of the world’s total 356,000 kilometers of oceanfront property. Making one of Canada facts is that the only other country that even comes close is Indonesia, which has 54,716 km of coastline.
- Alert, Nunavut is the world’s northernmost settlement
At the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, just 817 kilometers from the North Pole, you’ll find the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world: Alert, Nunavut. Alert is the temporary home to military and scientific personnel working in the area. The temporary home part will make sense once you see how cold this place gets: the warmest month, July, has a balmy average temperature of 3.4 C (38.1 F). By January, the coldest month, the mean temperature has plunged to -32.19 C (-26 F). No wonder the name Alert.
- Canada is bigger than the European Union
One very amazing part of Canada facts is the vastness of this great country which seems to be a little-known secret to most. this is some Canada facts to put Canada’s size in perspective: It’s bigger than the entire European Union (33 times bigger than Italy and 15 times bigger than France), more than 30 percent larger than Australia, five times as big as Mexico, three times as big as India and about the same size as 81,975 Walt Disney Worlds put together.
- Canada has more lakes than you think
Canada has a lot of great things in abundance, like hockey players, parkas and Tim Hortons franchises. But did you know that this country has more lake area than every other country in the world. The Great White North has 563 lakes larger than 100 square kilometers. The Great Lakes alone contain about 18 percent of the world’s fresh lake water. That’s a lot of water body.
- Canada’s lowest recorded temperature is as cold as Mars
One of the most common facts about Canada is that it can get pretty cold in the winter (anybody who’s ever had to chisel his or her car out of a block of ice on the way to work knows this). The average low for the month of January in Ottawa is -14.4 C (6.1 F). That’s pretty cold! However, a temperature recorded in 1947 in Snag, Yukon makes the rest of Canada’s winter weather seem like a relaxing beach vacation. A temperature of -63 C (-81.4 F) was recorded in the small village of Snag on Feb. 3, 1947. That’s roughly the same temperature as the surface of Mars!
- Canada’s national parks are bigger than most countries
Canada is so big that even parks are bigger than countries. looking at Nahanni National Park Reserve in the Northwest Territories: not only is it a sight to behold with massive waterfalls, it’s also an incredible 30,050 square kilometers – bigger than Albania and Israel. Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta and the Northwest Territories is even bigger at 44,807 square kilometers, which makes it bigger than Denmark and Switzerland.
- Canada has North America’s strongest current
Last but not least on our list of Canada facts is the strong current of the waterways. Get out your lifejacket and be ready for the swim of your life if you ever visit Seymour Narrows in British Columbia. The stretch of the Discovery Passage has some of the strongest tidal currents ever measured with flood speeds of 17 km/h and ebb speeds of 18 km/h.